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Effects of Bad Water and Poor Sanitation on Women & Children
Nigeria has made substantial progress in developing policies and strategies for water supply and sanitation service delivery, but faces major challenges in translating these into action.
About 70 million people, out of a population of 171 million, lacked access to safe drinking water, and over 110 million lacked access to improved sanitation in 2013. Open defecation rates, at 28.5 per cent pose grave public health risks.
Every year, an estimated 124,000 children under the age of 5 die because of diarrhea, mainly due to unsafe water, sanitation and hygiene. Lack of adequate water and sanitation are also major causes of other diseases, including respiratory infection and under-
Many schools in Nigeria lack safe, private toilets and hand-
The economic impact of poor sanitation and hygiene cost the Nigerian economy the equivalent of almost 1.3 per cent of gross domestic product.
Conflict and natural disasters exacerbates the situation of water, sanitation and hygiene with a great measure of setbacks as seen in the North Eastern and some parts of the country involve in conflicts.
Water and sanitation coverage rates in Nigeria are amongst the lowest in the world. According to UNICEF sponsored Water and Sanitation Summary Sheet authored by Water and Sanitation Monitored Platform the country rated as the bottom 25 countries worldwide in terms of sanitation coverage.
This situation which is totally unacceptable as it has caused untold hardship on particularly women and children who carry the burden of managing water and sanitation. This often result to loose of time that could have been used to harness the economic needs of women and children especially girls who can be abused in the process of looking for water.
The Sustainable Development Goals SDGs which Nigeria accorded to gives hope for tackling the Water, Sanitation and Hygiene issues in the country with expectation of creating the global vision of access to safe WASH by 2030.
Our Strategic lays a foundation of a vision of 5 years (2015-
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